Sir Howard Davies is a British economist and author who is chairman of the Royal Bank of Scotland. He also is a professor of practice at the French School of Political Science in Paris (Sciences Po). Previously, he served as director of the London School of Economics and Political Science and chairman of the UK Financial Services Authority. Sir Davies has also served as deputy governor of the Bank of England and director general of the Confederation of British Industry. Earlier in his career, he worked at the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office, the UK Treasury, and McKinsey & Company, and he also served as controller of the UK Audit Commission. Sir Davies is an independent director of Morgan Stanley Inc. and chairs its Risk Committee. He also is a board member and chair of the Risk Committee at Prudential plc. Sir Davies is a member of the Regulatory and Compliance Advisory Board of Millennium Management LLC. In addition, he is a member of the International Advisory Council of the China Banking Regulatory Commission and is chairman of the International Advisory Council of the China Securities Regulatory Commission.